April 1, 1975: Your Mama

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(Pictured: Leo Sayer on stage in Atlanta on April 1, 1975.)

April 1, 1975, was a Tuesday. The government of South Vietnam is collapsing. North Vietnamese forces captured Da Nang last week; yesterday, the US Army Chief of Staff, Frederick Weyand, gave a pessimistic assessment of the situation on the ground, while a colonel at the US Embassy told reporters that without strategic Amerian bombing of North Vietnamese forces, South Vietnam would be defeated within 90 days. North Vietnamese commanders have seen their timetable for capture of Saigon moved up from 1976 to six weeks from now. In Cambodia, the Khmer Rouge are nearing capture of the capital city, Phnom Penh; today, the country’s president, Lon Nol, flees his homeland for exile in Hawaii. As of today, young American men are no longer required to register with the Selective Service System. Registration had remained mandatory even after the draft was suspended in 1973.

President Ford is on vacation in Palm Springs, California. After morning meetings with aides, he plays a round of golf, briefly visits an antique shop for an appearance with Mrs. Bob Hope and Mrs. Phil Harris, then returns to his vacation residence for more meetings. Tonight the Fords host a private dinner attended by the Hopes, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Annenberg, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Capra, various California business leaders, and Eva Gabor. It is Election Day in a number of cities and states; in Chicago, Mayor Richard Daley is elected to a record sixth term with 77 percent of the vote. The Freedom Train begins its Bicentennial tour in Wilmington, Delaware; seven million people will see the train and tour its exhibits on American history before the tour ends in Miami on December 31, 1976. The midwestern United States braces for a late-season snowstorm, which will drop up to a foot of snow tomorrow and on Thursday. In Canada, weather forecasts and measurements switch to the metric system. In Adelaide, Australia, a TV news program reports that the country is switching to a metric calendar, in which seconds will become millidays, minutes become centidays, and hours become decidays. South Australia’s deputy premier appears on the program to explain the change, which turns out to be an April Fool’s Day prank. Future professional tennis player Magdalena Maleeva is born.

Last night, UCLA won its tenth men’s college basketball championship in 12 years, beating Kentucky 92-85. It’s the final game on the bench for UCLA coach John Wooden, who has coached the Bruins since 1948. Also last night, CBS aired the final first-run episode of Gunsmoke, which premiered in 1955. Tonight, the CBS lineup includes Good Times, M*A*S*H, Hawaii Five-O, and Barnaby Jones. Lorne Michaels, who has been working as a TV writer in Los Angeles for several years, signs a contract with NBC to produce a new late-night comedy show that will air live on Saturdays starting in the fall.

Bob Seger and the Silver Bullet Band play Ann Arbor, Michigan. Elvis Presley closes a two-week engagement at the Las Vegas Hilton with two shows tonight at 8:15 and midnight. In Burbank, California, KISS tapes a performance for future airing on The Midnight Special. Lynryd Skynyrd plays Lake Charles, Louisiana, and 10cc plays Manchester, England, while Leo Sayer plays Atlanta and Alice Cooper plays Chicago Stadium with Suzi Quatro opening. At KQV in Pittsburgh, Leo Sayer holds at #1 with “Long Tall Glasses” and Suzi Quatro holds at #6 with “Your Mama Won’t Like Me” on the new survey to be released tomorrow. Elton John’s “Philadelphia Freedom” is at #2 again this week. The hottest songs on the KQV Master Playlist include “Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song” by B. J. Thomas, up to #9 from #25, “Killer Queen” by Queen, which is up 26 spots to #13, “Jackie Blue” by the Ozark Mountain Daredevils, up to #18 from #40, and “Dynomite” by Bazuka, up to #21 from #37.

Perspective From the Present: I am not sure whether the Master Playlist was a published list or an internal KQV list. In any case, it’s fairly adventuresome, and not just because of the clavinet-heavy “Your Mama Won’t Like Me,” which failed to make the Hot 100. It’s got lesser-known tracks by big stars (such as “Live Your Life Before You Die” by the Pointer Sisters and “Someone Take My Heart Away” by Edgar Winter) and people you may never have heard of (among them Dooley Silverspoon, Tamiko Jones, and the Crescent Street Stompers). It will take a high-school kid who was a freshman in 1975 44 years to catch up with them.


February 4, 1975: Be Not Proud

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(Pictured: President Ford roughhouses with his new golden retriever, Liberty, on February 2, 1975.)

February 4, 1975, was a Tuesday. Headlines this morning include President Ford’s budget for fiscal year 1976, which was released yesterday. Despite drastic curbs on goverment spending, the budget runs the largest peacetime deficit in history. Democratic leaders in Congress say they have no intention of going along with cuts to popular spending programs. Today, Ford is in Atlanta to give a speech, and he also holds an afternoon press conference. The majority of the questions involve what can be done to boost the weak American economy. Ford is also asked about a report that Republican senator Howard Baker is considering a run for the 1976 Republican presidential nomination, and whether Ford will run for a full term. He says it is his intention to do so, and that other people may run if they choose. In a political upset, Margaret Thatcher is elected leader of Britain’s Conservative Party, defeating former prime minister Edward Heath in an election he called and was expected to win. For the last several weeks, officials in China have recommended the evacuation of people from Liaoning province, believing that an earthquake is imminent. Early this evening, a magnitude 7.3 earthquake strikes the city of Haicheng, killing 2,000 and injuring over 27,000. Later estimates will claim that the number of dead and injured could have been 150,000 without the warnings. Jump blues artist Louis Jordan dies at age 66. Future singer Natalie Imbruglia is born. In Ann Arbor, Michigan, you can buy a half-gallon of milk at VIP Discount Center for 66 cents or three packs of cigarettes for $1.28 with no limits.

On TV tonight, CBS airs Good Times, M*A*S*H, Hawaii Five-O, and Barnaby Jones. ABC counters with the TV movie premiere Death Be Not Proud starring Arthur Hill, Jane Alexander, and Robby Benson, followed by Marcus Welby, MD. NBC’s lineup includes Adam-12, a Hallmark Hall of Fame presentation of All Creatures Great and Small starring Michael Caine, and an episode of Police Story. Later tonight, Johnny Carson’s guests include Fernando Lamas, Susan Sarandon, and singer Roger Miller.

Genesis plays Chicago and Lynryd Skynyrd plays Rochester, New York. Led Zeppelin plays on Long Island. When Zeppelin’s 1975 American tour was announced, the band had a date in Boston scheduled for tonight. Tickets were to go on sale at 10AM on January 7. On the night of the 6th, officials at Boston Garden opened the doors at 11PM so those in line for tickets could wait inside. A riot ensued, doing up to $75,000 in damage to the arena. To pacify the crowd, the Garden began selling tickets at 2:30AM—but when it became clear that some of the same people who had rioted now had tickets to the February 4 show, city officials feared a repeat of the violence and canceled it.

At KHJ in Los Angeles, “Please Mr. Postman” by the Carpenters goes to #1. Last week’s #1, “Laughter in the Rain” by Neil Sedaka, falls all the way to #13. The rest of the KHJ Top Five: “Mandy” by Barry Manilow, “Best of My Love” by the Eagles, “Pick Up the Pieces” by AWB, and the Ohio Players’ “Fire.” Two songs are new in the Top 10: “Black Water” by the Doobie Brothers and “One Man Woman, One Woman Man” by Paul Anka. Three new songs debut on the station’s survey: “#9 Dream” by John Lennon, “The No-No Song” by Ringo Starr, and “Lovin’ You” by Minnie Riperton. The oldest song on the survey is “When Will I See You Again” by the Three Degrees, which is still at #20 in its 20th week on the chart. The new #1 album in Los Angeles is Linda Ronstadt’s Heart Like a Wheel, which knocks Elton John’s Greatest Hits to #2. Elton’s 1969 debut album, Empty Sky, reissued last month, is up to #11. The hottest album on the KHJ chart is Bob Dylan’s Blood on the Tracks, which jumps to #7 from #20.

Perspective From the Present: I had just started the second semester of my freshman year in high school, and I was taking a course called Personal Typing. I expect I would have learned how to type eventually, even if it was some sort of do-it-yourself hunt-and-peck method. But I am not sure that I would have become the writer I am today if it wasn’t for the speed of touch-typing, which allowed the words to hit the page almost as fast as I thought them up, and still does.

I had begun to notice a girl in typing class, and after asking around, it turned out that she had noticed me, too. And on Valentine’s Day, we verified our mutual attraction.

July 5, 1975: Trippy and Weird

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(Pictured: Jimmy Connors and Arthur Ashe pose before the Wimbledon final, 1975.)

July 5, 1975, is a Saturday. Arthur Ashe upsets Jimmy Connors to become the first black Wimbledon champion. President Ford begins the day at Camp David, where he meets with Indonesian president Suharto. Ford later returns to Washington, where he attends his daughter Susan’s 18th birthday party for eight minutes, although he later stops by the small dinner party (nine guests) being held in her honor at the White House. Future pro hockey player Chris Gratton is born; former major league pitcher Joe Kiefer, who appeared in 16 games for the White Sox and Red Sox during three scattered seasons in the 1920s, dies. The Cape Verde Islands are granted independence from Portugal. In Madison, Wisconsin, McFarland Realty Company invites you to an open house at 5702 Bartlett Lane, four bedrooms, 1 1/2 baths, finished basement, fenced yard, asking price $39,600. Saturday night diners in Madison have a wide variety of options, from a seven-ounce tenderloin for $2.39 at the Nitty Gritty to an eight-ounce lobster tail at Murphy’s for $5.95. Movies playing in town include Jaws, The Wind and the Lion, French Connection 2, and Russ Meyer’s Super Vixens.

Tony Orlando and Dawn are on the cover of TV Guide. An inside spread gives viewers a first look at the new series Space: 1999, set to premiere in the fall. NBC repeats an episode of The Midnight Special, where host Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons welcome Freddy Fender, Orleans, and the Hollies. Bob Marley plays San Francisco. Pink Floyd plays Knebworth, England; the show will eventually be bootlegged as Trouble in Knebworth. Also playing at Knebworth today: Captain Beefheart, the Steve Miller Band, and Roy Harper (who sings “Have a Cigar” with Pink Floyd). The Florida State Fairgrounds in Tampa hosts Florida Jam, starring ZZ Top, Johnny Winter, the Marshall Tucker Band, the Ozark Mountain Daredevils, War, KISS, Pure Prairie League, and the Atlanta Rhythm Section. Promoters have hired female karate and judo experts as a security team; tickets are $12 at the gate. In Madison, tickets are on sale for next Tuesday’s concert at the Dane County Coliseum starring Eric Clapton and Santana: $6 in advance, $7 day of the show.

At WLS in Chicago, “Love Will Keep Us Together” by the Captain and Tennille zooms from #7 to #1, knocking last week’s #1, “Wildfire” by Michael Murphey, to #2. Making big moves into the Top 10 are “The Hustle” by Van McCoy and “Listen to What the Man Said” by Wings. The top three albums are unchanged from the previous week: Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy by Elton John, Chicago VIII, and BTO’s Four Wheel Drive.

Perspective From the Present: Memories of this summer always include my favorite cousin, a year younger than me. Every summer we’d spend a few days in Madison with him and he’d spend a few days on the farm with us. During my visit in the summer of 1975, we went to the movies a lot. It must have been sometime around July 5 that we saw Jaws at the Esquire Theater—I remember standing in line outside to get in. We must also have seen Tommy during the same week. I was terribly disappointed by it, but he loved how trippy and weird it was. And that was the kind of thing that would have obsessed him by then. I don’t know if he was actually using drugs yet—he was 14 and I never saw him do it—but he was fascinated by the drug culture, and he eventually did partake. His chemical of choice would become alcohol.

After one last summer of reciprocal visits in 1976, we would see each other only on holidays at Grandma’s house, and eventually he stopped showing up for those. I would see him only a handful of times in the intervening years, but I heard stories about his troubles. The last time I saw him was when Grandma died in 1994, and he was in fairly terrible shape that day. In the spring of the next year, we got the call that he had died, at age 34.

November 8, 1975: What a Difference

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(Pictured: in the fall of 1975, Howard Cosell’s ABC variety show beat NBC to the title it wanted for its new late-night comedy show.)

November 8, 1975, was a Saturday. The morning papers say that heiress Patty Hearst has been found competent to stand trial on federal bank-robbery charges. Union railroad workers agree to delay a potential nationwide strike to November 18. The nation’s unemployment rate is up to 8.6 percent. Seventeen-year-old Debby Kent spends the evening at a skating rink in Bountiful, Utah, but she never comes home. Shortly before his execution 14 years hence, serial killer Ted Bundy will confess to having murdered her. Fighter planes from Malmstrom Air Force Base in Montana are scrambled to chase UFOs, and two people in France claim to have seen space creatures who were picked up by mysterious cars. The United States opens an embassy in Mozambique. Actress/party girl Tara Reid and pro basketball player Brevin Knight are born. In pro wrestling, golden bad-boy Nick Bockwinkle defeats perennial champion Verne Gagne to win the heavyweight championship. In college football, Iowa beats Wisconsin, 45-28.

In Chicago, the Tribune is crowded with full-page ads from car dealers. Chicagoland AMC dealers will sell you a new 1976 Gremlin for $2597, although automatic transmission and air conditioning are options that will cost you more. Another full-page ad touts the 1976 Pontiac Astre hatchback, which gets 35 miles per gallon of gas on the highway and 22 in the city. The new Dodge Dart Lite gets 36 and 24. If you’d like something bigger, Dave Cory Ford in Niles, Illinois, will put you into a 1976 T-Bird for $6099. Prices on outgoing 1975 models have been cut at many dealerships. Most will be open tomorrow for your convenience.

On CBS tonight, the lineup includes The Jeffersons, Doc (a sitcom from MTM Productions starring Barnard Hughes, Elizabeth Wilson, Mary Wickes, and Professor Irwin Corey), The Mary Tyler Moore Show, The Bob Newhart Show, and The Carol Burnett Show. NBC features Emergency! and the theatrical movie The Sugarland Express, starring Goldie Hawn and directed by Steven Spielberg. ABC’s lineup includes the variety show Saturday Night Live With Howard Cosell, cop drama SWAT, and secret agent series Matt Helm, starring Tony Franciosa. Later tonight, NBC’s Saturday Night airs its fourth episode, hosted by actress Candice Bergen with musical guest Esther Phillips. Phillips performs her current hit, “What a Difference a Day Makes.” Because The Sugarland Express bumps the late local news by 15 minutes, Saturday Night doesn’t begin until 11:45 Eastern time.

On the Billboard 200 album chart, Elton John’s Rock of the Westies becomes the second album in history to debut at #1. His Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy had been the first, earlier this year. Rock of the Westies bumps the Jefferson Starship’s Red Octopus, last week’s #1, to #2. Wish You Were Here by Pink Floyd is #3. Also among the Top 10: Bruce Springsteen’s Born to Run, Minstrel in the Gallery by Jethro Tull, and Paul Simon’s Still Crazy After All These Years. On the Hot 100, Elton’s “Island Girl” is in its second week at #1. Elton is not #1 everywhere, however. At WABC in New York, “Fly Robin Fly” by Silver Convention tops the singles chart. KHJ in Los Angeles places War’s “Low Rider” at #1. At WAKY in Louisville, the #1 song is “I’ll Go to My Grave Loving You” by the Statler Brothers, despite the fact that WAKY is a Top 40 station also playing Elton, Silver Convention, and War, among others. Clearly, they didn’t call themselves “wacky” for nothing.

October 3, 1975: Get Down

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(Pictured: KC and the Sunshine band, getting down tonight.)

October 3, 1975, was a Friday. President Gerald Ford vetoes a bill intended to expand food programs for needy children, claiming it would give aid to families above the poverty line; next week, Congress will override the veto. In California, the arraignment of Symbionese Liberation Army members Bill and Emily Harris on charges stemming from their crime spree with Patty Hearst is delayed so Emily Harris can find a new lawyer. Future singer India Arie and future rapper Talib Kweli are born. The emperor and empress of Japan are in the United States on a state visit; President Ford will host a state dinner in their honor tonight. Scientists in the Soviet Union recover an unmanned military spacecraft that had lost contact with controllers shortly after launch on Monday. The campus newspaper at Marquette University in Milwaukee reports on the activities of Barry McArdle, who’s been traveling around Wisconsin and elsewhere selling real estate on the moon. A Navy submarine commander is admonished for having permitted a topless dancer to perform on board his sub.

On daytime TV today, celebrity guests on The $10,000 Pyramid are Adrienne Barbeau and Peter Lawford, and Jim Stafford is celebrity co-host of The Mike Douglas Show. Shows in primetime tonight include M*A*S*H, Barnaby Jones, Hawaii Five-O, Sanford and Son, Chico and the Man, and The Rockford Files. ABC broadcasts a late-night special featuring episodes of Monty Python’s Flying Circus; in December, the Python troupe will sue to keep ABC from broadcasting a second special, citing the “mutilation” of their work when ABC edits the episodes to make room for commercials and to remove what it calls “offensive” material.

Gentle Giant plays White Plains, New York, and KISS plays Upper Darby, Pennsylvania. Bonnie Raitt plays Seattle with Tom Waits opening. The Who plays Stafford, England, and releases The Who By Numbers in the UK. Also released in the UK today: Extra Texture by George Harrison. At WJET in Erie, Pennsylvania, “You,” the lead single from Harrison’s album, moves to #23 from #27. “Fame” by David Bowie tops the chart, dethroning “Get Down Tonight” by KC and the Sunshine Band, which slips to #2. The two hottest records on the chart are “I Only Have Eyes for You” by Art Garfunkel, jumping from #15 to #5, and Morris Albert’s “Feelings,” taking an even greater leap from #21 to #6.

In Wisconsin, a teenage music geek couldn’t possibly know that years from now, current hits like “Games People Play,” “Bad Blood,” “Miracles,” “Lady Blue,” and “Lyin’ Eyes” will still be encoded with the late-afternoon light that bathes his world as he gets off the school bus, heads into the house, and hurries to turn the radio on.

February 1, 1975: Please, Mister

February 1, 1975, is a Saturday. William Saxbe resigns as Attorney General to become U.S. ambassador to India. The resignation of Claude Brinegar, Secretary of Transportation since 1973, becomes official. Antwan “Big Boi” Patton of Outkast is born. Robert W. Straub is inaugurated as governor of Oregon. Two successful penalty shots are executed in the National Hockey League, by Steve Atkinson of the Washington Capitals and Lorne Henning of the New York Islanders. Shows on CBS tonight include The Jeffersons and The Mary Tyler Moore Show. James Garner of The Rockford Files is on the cover of TV Guide.

Little Feat plays the Olympia in Paris. Led Zeppelin is in Pittsburgh. Genesis appears live in Kansas City, Kansas. Joe Walsh plays New York City. Miles Davis does two shows in Osaka, Japan. The afternoon show will be released on his album Agharta; the evening show will be released on Pangaea. KISS wraps its Hotter Than Hell tour in Santa Monica, California, with opening act Jo Jo Gunne. Barry Manilow concludes a two-week engagement at Mr. Kelly’s in Chicago, where “Mandy” is at #1 on WLS for a second week. “Please Mr. Postman” by the Carpenters spends a second week at #2. “Lady,” by Chicago band Styx, slides in at #3, just ahead of “Best of My Love” by the Eagles at #4. Two songs enter the Top 10 for the first time: “Never Can Say Goodbye” by Gloria Gaynor and the hottest record on the chart, “You’re No Good” by Linda Ronstadt, which jumps in from #25. On the WLS album chart, Greatest Hits by Elton John and Not Fragile by Bachman-Turner Overdrive continue in the #1 and #2 positions for a ninth straight week.

Over on the Billboard Hot 100, the highest debuting song of the week is “I’ve Been This Way Before” by Neil Diamond, which comes on at #73. (It will eventually peak at #34 and spend just three weeks in the Top 40.) Songs that will be more familiar in the future also debut, including “Chevy Van” by Sammy Johns, “Part of the Plan” by Dan Fogelberg, and future #1 hits “Before the Next Teardrop Falls” by Freddy Fender and “Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song” by B. J. Thomas. The oddest debut of the week is at #86: “Please Mr. President” by Paula Webb, a 10-year-old girl’s letter to President Ford, asking help with her family’s hard times. Although it will get only as high as #60, it resonates with lots of Americans during an especially difficult season in our national life.